The responsibility of the United Nations to end an occupation - Study on Palestine
Actively pursued by Palestinians, through the United Nations, has been going on in the last few years, aims to end the Israeli occupation and establish the Palestinian statehood. This approach considered by Palestinians as the latest stage in their alternative peace strategy. In this regard, Palestine succeeded in becoming a non-member observer state in the U.N in 2012. On the other hand, it failed in the last year to convince the Security Council to adopt a plan to end the Israeli occupation within two years. However, while these steps were taken by the Palestinians through the U.N to end the occupation, a big question could rise up here, since it’s not absolutely clear if ending an occupation, particularly Israeli occupation of Palestine, is a matter of the U.N. Such a question is very important to be disscussed in light of the serious consequences have been genareted by the freezing of the peace process between Palestinians and Israelis. Also the increasing conflicts in the Middle East region, which leads to ask if the matter of occupation is a matter of “Threatening the international peace and security”, that makes it, accordingly, a matter of the U.N. The study will also go forward by looking into mechanisms that the UN has and could use to end an occupation. Besides the analysis of the U.N charter and other U.N documents, conventions, and the International courts judgments, the study will seek answer its main question by investigating the role of the U.N in the independence of some pre-occupied countries that contributed to their independence and to examine which elements are present in those cases that are necessarily to resolving the ongoing occupation and which of those elements appear present or absent in the cause of Palestine. In its last stage, the study aims to evaluate the Palestinian bid through the U.N to end the Israeli occupation and establish their independent statehood. The study would answer the question whether the efforts of Palestine in U.N, in light of the answers of the previous questions, is in favor of the Palestinian project to end the occupation and gain liberation, or not.
Prof. Heintze (first supervisor)
Prof. Al-Jaghoub (second supervisor)