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Zena Mouawad

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PhD Student

Institute of Development Research and Development Policy
Ruhr-University Bochum
Universitätsstr. 105
D-44789 Bochum


Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Fax: +49 (0)234 / 32-14294

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Research Project

UN-UN Inter-Organisational Relations: the governance of the Decent Work Agenda

Research on inter-organisational relations (IOR) addressing world politics phenomena is only a minor, but growing, program within the discipline of International Relations (IR). The dominance of state-centric approaches in IR looking at international organisations (IOs) as mere instruments of states to pursue their objectives for power has for too long underestimated the role of IOs in pursuing their mandates and interests. This notion has been challenged by constructivist perspectives influenced by sociological strands. They perceive IOs as authorities in the international arena, with a degree of `actorness´ to pursue their missions and influence the development and effectiveness of others in the ways they pursue them. When looking at IOs interactions and behaviour, IOR scholars observe that not only IOs have preferences when interacting with states, but also with other IOs. How these preferences diverge from those of states and how they are attained in interactions with other IOs are only possible when understanding IOs as bureaucracies. Once IOs are designed to promote socially valued goals such as human rights and development goals, they work as brokers of cooperation. In this light, the United Nations (UN) is commonly treated as one actor in the IOR literature, but authors generally sublime an important aspect of its operations: the UN is consisted of many bureaucratic structures with highly specialized mandates that converge and compete in a wide range of policy issues. This has certainly an impact on the way UN inter-organisational relationships are observed. In addition, the UN development branch of this highly complex system of IOs is still understudied by IOR scholars, which perpetuates a high preference for security and peacebuilding studies. Nevertheless, IOR research is expanding and the creation of thematic studies enriches its theoretical building blocks. Therefore, this PhD thesis will provide inputs on the interdependence of UN entities across policy fields not yet explored, contributing to IOR studies with a case that moves beyond the single policy-oriented research, currently dominating the discourse on IOR. The International Labour Organization (ILO) will serve as an example of UN specialised agency interacting with dozens of other UN entities to implement its mandate towards decent work for all. The organisation estimates 24 thematic issues intersecting the Decent Work Agenda with the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), thus the way interactions are designed may weaken or strengthen cooperation between policy fields and partners within the UN development system (UNDS). Through document analysis and field work I will combine rationalist and constructivist approaches to explore and explain UN-UN relations and contribute to the growing debates on IOR and UN policy coherence.

Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Christof Hartmann

Research Interest

  • International organizations and inter-organizational relations theory;
  • Post-development theory;
  • Global governance and transnational studies;
  • Ethnography;
  • Qualitative methods;
  • Complexity and multi-level analysis;
  • The humanitarian-development nexus and the SDGs;


2015 ‑ present:   Knowledge Management and Community of Practice Facilitator - UN Volunteer and Consultant - various positions
2017 ‑ 2018:   Junior Research Officer at the International Labour Organization - Geneva, Switzerland
2016:   Research Intern of the Bi- and Multilateral Cooperation Department at the German Development Institute (DIE) - Bonn, Germany
2016:   MA in Development and Governance, Duisburg-Essen University - Duisburg, Germany
2016:   Summer School in Development Policy, Bonn University - Bonn, Germany
2016:   Research Intern at Käte Hamburger Kolleg - Centre for Global Cooperation Research - Duisburg-Essen University - Duisburg, Germany
2013 - 2015:   Project Analyst at the UNDP International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth (IPC-IG) - Brasília, Brazil
2012:   MBA in Project Management, ESAD Escola de Administracao e Negócios - Brasília, Brazil
2008 ‑ 2012:   United Nations in Brazil - various positions
2006:   Bachelors Diplom in International Relations, UNICURITIBA - Curitiba, Brazil


2015 ‑ 2016:   DAAD Public Policy and Good Governance Masters Scholarships Programme - Helmut Schmidt

How to contact us

Institute of Development Research and Development Policy
Ruhr University Bochum

Room 2.04
Universitaetsstr. 105
D-44789 Bochum

E-Mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone:   +49-(0)234 / 32-22418
or   32-22243
Fax:   +49-(0)234 / 32-14-294

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Latest Publications

Sadik-Zada, E.: Pathways to the hydrogen mobility futures in German public transportation: A scenario analysis.
In: Renewable Energy,
March 2023
available online

Chakma, B.: Encountering the state: situated strategies and perspectives of Tanchangya villagers in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh.
In: Contemporary South Asia, 24.01.2023 
available online

Chakma, B., Gerharz, E.: Samaj as a Form of Self-Organisation among Village Communities in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh, 14.12.2022 
available online

More information: "Publications / New Publications"

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Nov 28.11. - 04.12.2022:
Britta Niklas
Bordeaux / Wine Economics and Buisness Symposium

Nov 28.11. - 02.12.2022:
Gabriele Bäcker, Wilhelm Löwenstein, Akua MartinsonSimon Rahn, Muhammad Saleh, Natalia Zakharchenko
Den Haag / ADAPTED Annual Meeting

Nov 18.11.2022:
Leonie Grunau
Bonn / AGEP-Network Meeting

Sep 14.09. - 16.09.2022:
Leonie Grunau, Simon Rahn
Berlin / MADM Summer School

Aug 24.08. - 28.08.2022:
Britta Niklas
Tbilisi / State University Annual Meeting of the American Association of Wine Economists

Aug 22.08. - 02.09.2022:
Christof Hartmann, Simon Rahn
South Africa / MADM lecture

Feb 24.02.2022:
Elkhan Sadik-Zada
Turkey / Marmara University (online)