Anja Habersang

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Assoc. PhD Student

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PhD Project

Global crises and local conflicts? Interactions and repositionings in land conflicts in Chile and Argentina

Global crises and structural transformations are causing or aggravating local conflicts over land and other natural resources, especially in the global South. Due to intensifying global interdependencies and interconnections, the significance of such global developments for local conflicts will continue to increase. For this reason, it is important to analyse how global crises and superordinate structural influences become relevant for local actors in conflict contexts. This will enable a better understanding of land conflicts.

Based on the observation that in both Chile and Argentina (land) conflicts – involving parts of the indigenous Mapuche population and movement – are characterized by escalating conflict contexts, these two conflicts will be analysed comparatively. The fundamental research interest is a better understanding of both the selected (land) conflicts and how global dynamics and structural influences affect local conflicts. Therefore, the goal is a comparative analysis of the interactions between different actors in connection with global and structural influences. In this way, I want to identify the dynamics in the (land) conflicts that are responsible for the escalating conflict situations and the lack of social change in the sense of a comprehensive implementation of indigenous rights.

Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Eva Gerharz

Research Interests

  • land conflicts
  • social movements
  • indigenous activism/rights
  • development
  • democracy and conflict


2018 ‑ present:   PhD Student at the Faculty of Social Sciences and associated PhD student at the Institute of Development Research and Development Policy (IEE), Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany
2018: Short Term Consultant, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
2015 ‑ 2017:   Advisor, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, Project "Promotion of Employment and Vocational Qualification"
2014 - 2015:   Assistant of the Gender Focal Point, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Eschborn, Germany
2014:   Traineeship at the European Commission, Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development (DG DEVCO), Brussels, Belgium
2011 - 2014:   Master in Social Sciences, Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany
2013:   Short-term research stay in Chile: data collection on indigenous activism
2012 - 2013:   Master in International Politics, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain
2010 - 2011:   Carlo-Schmid-Fellowship, Amnesty International, Santiago, Chile
2007 - 2010:   Bachelor in Regional Studies Latin America and Social Sciences, University of Cologne, Germany


  • Habersang, Anja (2016): Chile: Neoliberales Pioniermodell statt soziale Marktwirtschaft – die sozialen, ökologischen und politischen Konsequenzen eines Freihandels ohne Grenzen. In: Lateinamerika und der Freihandel, Interessen, Diskurse, Perspektiven, connosco e.V.: S.115-125.
  • Habersang, Anja; Ydígoras, Pamela (2015): El activismo internacional Mapuche: un arma poderosa contra las violaciones de sus derechos humanos, Ceibo Ediciones, Santiago.