Dipesh Chapagain

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PhD Student

Institute of Development Research and Development Policy
Ruhr-University Bochum
Universitätsstr. 105, Room 2.32
44789 Bochum


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Phone: +49-(0)234 / 32-19028

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Research Project

Tracking climate change adaptation result at the national scale; a case study from Nepal

Climate change is causing an enormous impact on natural and human system globally and will further amplify if not handled timely. Therefore, various options have been agreed and implemented to adapt to the changing climate as mitigation only is no longer enough. Now the concern is whether the implemented adaptation options are actually being successful or not in achieving the intended result, i.e. reduction in vulnerability to the current and future hazards and its impacts. Need of such information on adaptation result has been profound for countries to learn from the past domestically; as well as to communicate their adaptation progress internationally, to fulfil the reporting requirements of Paris Agreement, Sustainable Development Goals, etc.

Monitoring and evaluation is not a new idea, yet a reliable method of tracking adaptation result and attributing that result to specific policies or actions remain a difficult challenge to address. Unlike mitigation, a universal framework for adaptation tracking is highly challenging or even not feasible due to context-dependent and complex characteristics of adaptation. Most of the existing frameworks are limited to output level assessment with little focus on the ultimate result. Result-based approaches are so far limited to the conceptual framework or project and local level evaluation. Hence, temporal tracking of adaptation result is still problematic for the countries.

This study aims to investigate a nationally relevant, transparent and feasible framework for temporal tracking of adaptation result at a national scale. Risk of climate change impact is the results from the interaction of hazards with the vulnerability and exposure of a systems. Adaptation, therefore, targets to reduce vulnerability through decreasing sensitivity and/or increasing adaptive capacity. Based on this latest and widely accepted framework, this study will employ an indicator-based approach to temporally track change in vulnerability; and to understand attribution or contribution of the adaptation to the change. The investigation will be based on a case study in Nepal, a highly vulnerable least developed country with sufficient history of adaptation.

Indicators for each construct of the theoretical framework, such as sensitivity, adaptive capacity, adaptation, will be identified first. Secondly, the indicator’s data for Nepal will be collected from various existing sources, such as national and global datasets, and screened them for adaptation relevance. The data will then be normalized for descriptive and diagnostic analysis using various statistical tools. Structural equation modelling (SEM) will be primarily employed to test the causal relationship between adaptation and vulnerability. The analysis will be carried out at sectoral and national aggregate level, and will follow an iterative approach to come up with an optimal result.

Supervisors: Prof. Dr. Martina Shakya and Prof. Dr. Wilhelm Löwenstein

Research Interests

  • Adaptation Policy and Practice
  • International Climate Finance
  • Economics of Adaptation


Dec. 2014   Master of Science (M.Sc.) in Environmental Science
Central Department of Environmental Science
Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Nepal
Feb. 2009   Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Environmental Science
Tribhuvan University, Amrit Campus, Lainchour, Kathmandu, Nepal

Work Experience

Aug 2017 - Feb 2018   Research Analyst
Climate Analytics, Berlin, Germany
Mar 2016 - May 2017   International Climate Protection Fellow
Alexander von Humboldt Foundation
Host - Climate Analytics, Berlin, Germany
Apr 2015 - Dec 2015   Consultant (Climate Finance)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Nepal
Sept 2013 - Mar 2015   Programme Officer
Oxfam, Kathmandu, Nepal
Jul 2011 - Aug 2013   Programme Coordinator (Energy and Climate Change)
Clean Energy Nepal (CEN), Kathmandu, Nepal


  • "International Climate Protection Fellow 2016", Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, Germany.
  • "Grant for Applied Research on Climate Change Adaptation in Nepal", Ministry of Environment, NAPA Project, Nepal, 2010.

Major Publications

  • Chapagain, D. (2011). Assessment of climate change impacts on Large Cardamom and proposed adaptation measures in eastern hills of Nepal. Understanding climate change impacts in Nepal: Some Case Studies, Nepal Academy of Science and Technology. 31-41.
  • Chapagain, D. (2010). Emission inventory and development of clean transport strategy for Nepal Yatayat. First National Youth Conference on Environment Proceeding, HIMCCA. 45-51.

Other Associations and Alumni

  • International Visitors Leadership Programme (IVLP) Alumni, US Department of State, 2012.
  • Co-Founder, Nepalese Youth for Climate Action (NYCA), Aug 2008.
  • City Volunteer, Kathmandu Metropolitan City (KMC) and CEN, Mar 2007 to Dec 2008.