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IEE Publications

Read about new publications of our IEE members.

Journal Articles

In the context of his PhD project on financial cooperatives, Amr Khafagy has published an article in the peer-reviewed Annals of Finance.
This paper analyses the impact of different regulation and supervision approaches, as well as deposit insurance schemes, on the development of financial cooperatives in developing countries, using random and fixed effects estimators. Information on laws regulating financial cooperatives, supervisory approaches adopted, and deposit insurance schemes in 65 developing countries were collected—mostly—from original legislations for the period 1995–2014. Key findings suggest that indicators of financial cooperative development are positively correlated with the existence of a specialized regulation, supervision under non-bank financial supervisory authorities, and the presence of deposit insurance schemes; while general cooperative society regulations and banking regulations are negatively correlated with indicators of financial cooperatives. These results are robust after controlling for economic and institutional factors as well as potential endogeneity bias.
Amr Khafagy (2017): Regulation, supervision and deposit insurance for financial cooperatives: an empirical investigation, in: Annals of Finance (online first, not yet assigned to an issue), pp. 1-51.

Markus Kaltenborn published an article on Social Protection Floors in an international journal on law and development.
Against the backdrop of SDG 1 referring to social protection schemes and the relevance of social protection floors in recent development policy debates, the article considers social protection law – and in particular the human right to social security – as a field deserving special attention. Based on the research framework which has been presented by Haglund and Stryker in their book Closing the Rights Gap. From Human Rights to Social Transformation (2015) the article analyses which role the legal systems in the Global South will play in implementing SDG 1 at the national level and in closing the “right to social security-gap”. Haglund and Stryker describe, inter alia, two models for social rights realization which represent alternative approaches to the MDG/SDG concept: (a) the so-called multistage spiral model whose main focus lies on the different phases which new norms have to go through when they are implemented in a state’s society, and (b) the “policy legalization model” which highlights the role of litigation in ensuring social rights compliance. Furthermore the article deals with the responsibility of the international community in this area of development policy.
Markus Kaltenborn (2017): Overcoming Extreme Poverty by Social Protection Floors – Approaches to Closing the Right to Social Security Gap, in: Law and Development Review Vol. 10, Issue 2, pp. 237-273,

Markus Kaltenborn and Daniela Tröppner published an article on global health law in a German language legal review.
The article outlines sources of law and institutions of the specific field of global health law, taking related legal regimes, such as international human rights law, international economic law and international development law into account. It also directs attention to recent ideas for mainstreaming the different legal sources of global health law in a coherent Global Health Framework Convention.
Markus Kaltenborn / Daniela Tröppner (2017): Globales Gesundheitsrecht [Global Health Law], in: Juristenzeitung, Volume 72, Issue 15-16, August 2017, pp. 745-754,

Together, Cluster 2 members, Raffael Beier and Jasmin Fritzsche, published a short, peer-reviewed paper in the special issue "Shelter in Displacement" of the Forced Migration Review.
The article is titled "Refugees and the city: UN-Habitat’s New Urban Agenda". The authors critically reflect on how UN-Habitat’s New Urban Agenda deals with the issue of refugees in urban planning. The authors see a need for deeper engagement of the New Urban Agenda with the specific needs of refugees and internally displaced persons, such as access to shelter and public services. Therefore, the authors call for the special protection of refugees and displaced persons as part of national housing policies.
Raffael Beier / Jasmin Fritsche (2017): Refugees and the city: UN-Habitat’s New Urban Agenda, in: Forced Migration Review 55 (Special Issue: Shelter in Displacement), pp. 29-30.

Working Papers

Markus Kaltenborn co-authored a working paper on the development of national social protection systems in low and lower middle-income countries.
Social protection in low and lower middle-income countries is slowly but steadily becoming more systematised. Policy and legal frameworks are widely considered to be crucial for the creation of social protection systems. National policies and strategies can help to institutionalise social protection while legal frameworks can formalise the rights base for social protection. But exactly how important are such frameworks? And what role do they play? The paper aims to shed light on the role of policy and legal frameworks in the establishment of social protection systems. It examines the extent to which frameworks influence the creation of systems (top-down process), whether emerging systems inform the development of frameworks (bottom-up process), or whether a more non-linear process is at work. It does so by building on secondary academic and policy literature and drawing on case study material, most notably in Ghana.
Markus Kaltenborn / Abdul-Gafaru Abdulai / Keetie Roelen / Sarah Hague (2017): The Influence of Policy and Legal Frameworks on the Development of National Social Protection Systems, in: Institute of Development Studies (IDS) Working Paper Vol. 2017, No. 151, November 2017, Brighton, UK.

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