IEE Newsletter


Read about new publications from our IEE members

Amr Khafagy (2018): Finance, Distribution and the Economic Objective of Financial Cooperative Institutions. Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, 00:0 2018, pp. 1-25.
This paper proposes a model where the structure rather than the size of the financial sector explains its influence on income distribution. Because of information asymmetries, a financial sector dominated solely by profit‐maximizing financial intermediaries will increase income and wealth inequality as it gives preferential access to credit for high‐income agents, whereas a diversified inclusive financial sector with alternative models of finance, like cooperatives, will reduce the inequality gap. No full convergence in income distribution can be realized through finance only and there is still a need for redistribution policies. Accordingly, an objective function for cooperative financial institutions should define a desired pricing behavior that can increase the income of members at a rate higher than the average growth rate of the economy.

Mariana Vilmondes Türke (2018): Business and Human Rights in Brazil: Exploring Human Rights Due Diligence and Operational-Level Grievance Mechanisms in the Case of Kinross Paracatu Gold Mine. Revista de Direito Internacional, Volume. 15, nr. 2.
This legal study explores the case of Kinross gold mine in Paracatu, Brazil, and the corporate responsibility to respect human rights. In the past decades, enterprises have been looking after more responsible social-environmental practices by designing their bylaws in compliance to the Guiding Principles on Business and Human rights and other national requirements. This paper sheds light specifically on the design of the firm’s due diligence practices and operational-level grievance mechanisms. If, on the one hand, Kinross shows policy commitment to applicable norms, on the other hand, local communities still claim to be impacted by health, infrastructural and environmental damages. In such a contentious situation, the biggest matter lies on the inability of affected stakeholders to seek redress and of the firm, to manage its own policy. Looking at the realization of human rights and at more respectful business-community relations, this article highlights means of improving the enterprise’s legal mechanisms and other possible causes of inefficacy that affect the firm’s ability to respect human rights.

Themba Nyasulu (2018): Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Growth in the Southern African Development Community (SADC): The Role of Human Capital. International Journal of Economic Development (IJED), Vol. 12(1), pp. 82-107.
The relationship between foreign direct investment (FDI) and economic growth has received considerable empirical attention in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) but the role that human capital plays in this nexus is not well-understood. This is despite economic theory firmly suggesting that human capital plays a pivotal role in fostering the adoption of superior foreign technologies and enhancing the spillover benefits (learning-by-doing) that emanate from inward FDI in host countries. Against this background, therefore, the paper utilizes the Mankiw-Romer-Weil growth model in examining linkages between human capital (in form of education), FDI and economic growth in 15 SADC countries. After running cross-country regressions on data covering the period 1990-2015, human capital is found to positively influence the size and significance of the FDI-effect on economic growth in SADC. This suggests that SADC countries should continue upgrading the quality and quantity of their education in order to maximize FDI-induced development.

Nicole Dittrich & Christina Seeger (2018) contributed to a new publication for Urban Food Plus: Urban and Peri-Urban Agriculture in Bamenda: A Policy Narrative by D. Bertrand Njoh, T. Feldt, C. Seeger, N. Dittrich, H. Karg, E. Gawum, A. Witte, R. van Veenhuizen.
Increasingly people live in cities. Currently more than half of the population lives in urban areas, and it is predicted that by 2050, this will be over 75%. This urbanisation is a major driver of unsustainable transformation of urban rural relations and food systems.  Urban and peri-urban agriculture (UPA) links and interlinks a wide variety of urban issues and development objectives. Different stakeholders (local assemblies, NGOs, the (formal and informal) private sector and urban farmers, traders, consumers) are involved, while a range of policies and regulations address urban farming directly or indirectly. This policy narrative provides information on the situation and role of UPA in Bamenda, in the North West region of Cameroon. It has been developed through the collaborative effort of researchers of the UrbanFoodPlus project and the project partner organisations SHUMAS and RUAF, together with the key stakeholders from Bamenda including Bamenda Central City Authority (BCCA), several ministries, universities, farmer cooperatives, civil society organisations and local media.

Prof. Dr. Eva Gerharz (2018): The Interface Approach. IEE Working Paper Volume 212.
The interface approach is especially well suited to understanding the specific conditions and processes in  development cooperation. Therefore, it has been mainly adopted in development studies, particularly in the field of development sociology. In order to gain an understanding of this approach and the theories behind  it, the first part of this paper introduces the essential theoretical premises and their methodological significance. In the second part, a case from the author's fieldwork in Northern Sri Lanka is used to illustrate how a research design can be developed using the interface approach, and how one might analyse the collected data.

Raffael Beier (2018):  Zwischen Rebellion und Global City: Stadtentwicklung in Marokko. Welt-Sichten Dossier 9-2018, pp. 16-17.
Im Königreich Marokko ist Nachhaltigkeit ein Modewort der Stadtplanung geworden - zumeist jedoch beschränkt auf Umweltaspekte. Wesentliche Stadtplanerische Leitlinien gibt König Mohammed VI. vor, Kommunen müssen umsetzen, Bürgerinnen und Bürgern bleibt bisher wenig Einfluss.

Jasmin Fritzsche-El Shewy & Raffael Beier (2018): UN-Habitat, the New Urban Agenda and Urban Refugees – A State of the Art. The German Journal for Refugee Studies 2(1), pp. 128-142.
In recent years, policy documents of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) have increasingly focused on urban refugees. We argue in this article that the discussion on urban refugees should not only draw on expertise in forced migration studies, but also systematically involve perspectives from urban studies. Therefore, we analyse the New Urban Agenda and the way the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) has dealt with refugees based on their experience in urban development. Finally, we argue that an intensified discussion between urban and forced migration studies offers the opportunity to advance research and practices directed at refugees living in urban areas.

Institute Navigation


You can subscribe to our newsletter via this link:

IEE Newsletter Subscription

Or have a look at our current Newsletter first.